Sunday, March 9, 2008

Books by Bishop Louis Vezelis, OFM

Spiritual Classic Available Once More:

Discernment of Spirits

Originally published in 1984, Discernment of Spirits, is available again for those souls seeking to advance in the spiritual life.Appearing first as a series of articles in the SERAPH, this-one-of-a-kind book provides priceless instruction on the marks of divine, human and evil spirits, especially in these days when our spiritual director isn't always close at hand.

Besides learning the differences between the influences of the spirit of God and the devil's both on you, family members and co-workers, etc. discover the answers to the most important questions- is there true union with Our Lord or diabolic deception in your prayer and other spiritual exercises?

A must-read for serious Catholics, and an ideal gift!

NEW: Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc: Martyr for the Faith

"On February 25, 1981, Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc (elder brother of assassinated president of South Vietnam, President Ngo-Dinh-Diem) made a startling public declaration. He spoke as a Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church- successor of the Apostles - and with full knowledge of his episcopal authority.Archbishop Ngo was hated by a lot of people - including his own countrymen among whom were those he had seen to the altar of God as priests. He was a real problem for the Conciliar Modernists because he was not just an ordinary Archbishop, but even more: he was the older brother of the President of Vietnam. His importance has been downplayed by insignificant petty ambitious clerics whose secret aspirations to become bishops were frustrated.

So, too, did many of the laymen who faced the prospect of genuine bishops returning them to their place- to put it bluntly and frankly. Until Archbishop Ngo, there was anarchy. There is still anarchy only because the anarchists profit by the confusion they create. The order established by God continues, just as the crucifixion did not put an end to the Church. To understand the hatred of the Vatican and all associated with it for the Archbishop, it would be enough to attentively read the Acts of the Apostles where St. Stephen, the proto martyr, expounds to the usurpers of the temple their religious errors and their immorality: See Acts 7, 1-59.

The Archbishop condemnded the New Mass and the New Sacraments as invalid. He condemned the Modernism reigning supreme in the Vatican; He condemned the false ecumenism, the adoration of man (the cult of man), religious liberty, to embrace any religion whatever; the refusal of Church authorities to condemn heresies and to expel heretics. As a neccessary and logical conclusion to all the accusations made- accusations which really needed no proof because their truth was so public - Archbishop Ngo declared:

"Ideo, quatenus episcopus Ecclesiae Catholicae Romanae, judico sedem Ecclesiae Catholicae Romanae vacantem esse, et opportet me, uti episcopus, omnia facere ut Ecclesias Catholica Romae perduret ad salutem aeternam animarum."

What this declaration means is that he, Archbishop Ngo, having weighed all that was transpiring in Rome and elsewhere was forced to one conclusion: All the evils poisoning the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ can have but one source: the very heart of Catholicism: the Vatican! The blood is poisoned with Modernism, as Pope St. Pius X had stated in his Encyclical letter "Pascendi" against Modernism. Archbishop Ngo perceived this same things and as a faithful and courageous bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, he knew he must act."

You can read this and much more in the book, Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc: Martyr for the Faith.

NEW: SEDEVACANTISM: The only honest response to a painful reality.

"Tacit Resignation

It is a fair question, it seems to me, to ask: "Who is authorized to speak in the name of the Roman Catholic Church?"The obvious answer to this question should be: Valid and legitimate members of the hierarchy are the only ones appointed by God to represent the Roman Catholic Church which is identified with the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ.

However, heretics and schismatics are not legitimate teachers in the Church of God. Whatever position they may have had prior to their falling into heresy and schism from the true Church has been lost.It was lost through the only practical procedure of tacit resignation.That the Church, guided by the Holy Ghost, found it neccessary to include such a canon in Her laws should speak for itself.Laws are made for the good of that community. Constitutions of governments, such as that of the United States, contain rules to protect the State from "foreign and domestic enemies."Obviously, such provisions are the result of past experience or observation.

A "domestic enemy," presumably would be those in authority who violate their duty to uphold the laws of the State and provide for the general welfare of the people.Equally so, the Roman Catholic Church, being a perfect society, must nevertheless consider the unhappy possibility that unscrupulous individuals may well reach the highest position in the Catholic Church with the purpose of destroying the Church from within.The law reads: "There are certain causes which effect the tacit resignation of an office, which resignation is accepted in advance by operation of law, and hence is effective without any declaration." (c. 188).One such cause is if the individual holding an office has publicly fallen away from the Catholic Faith.It is not difficult to understand that such individuals would not be willing to step down from that office. Their purpose would be to use that position in order to destroy the faith of the people, not to defend it.

Now, this has been adequately proven in the cases of those "Popes" since Pope Pius XII.We, sadly but with our duty before God, must declare such individuals as anti-Popes. This means that even though they occupy the Chair of Peter- which is the highest position in the visible Church - they are not true and real Popes. They are imposters."

You can read this and much more in the book, SEDEVACANTISM: The only honest response to a painful reality.

Ordering Information

All three books are available for $15 post-paid.

Order from:

The Franciscans
3376 Mt. Read Blvd.
Rochester, NY 14616

Or, just log onto, after signing in you can send your donation to us at:, including your name and shipping address, and the name and quantity of the book in a message.

Brief Response To A Diatribe

Brief response to a diatribe
Bishop Louis Vezelis, OFM, D.D.

The story is told of the sad experience of an opossum in being kind to a snake. It seems the snake was in a bad situation: Its tail end was pinned under a rock. An opossum came along and the snake said: “Please help me. I cannot get out from under this rock.”

But the opossum said: “ I don’t know if I should help you.”

The snake answers with pitiful sobs: “Oh, please help me or I will be killed or die of hunger.”

So, the opossum, out of pity and kindness, moves the rock and frees the snake. Now, you’d think the snake was grateful, wouldn’t you. Then the snake said: “I’m cold. Please let me get into your pouch just for a little while so I might warm up.”

The opossum was getting a bit uneasy, and said, “Oh, no. I can’t let you do that.” To which the snake replied: “Oh, please. I’m so cold. Let me in your pouch just for a little while.”Hesitatingly, the kind opossum agreed – but just for a little while. So the snake crawled into the opossum’s pouch. No sooner did he get in when he bit the kind opossum. Painfully shocked, the opossum protested: “Why did you bite me?”

“Why did you let me in? You knew I was a snake.”

Unfortunately, although we can usually distinguish between a snake and opossum, it is not always that easy when dealing with people.The non-Catholic heretical mini-sect operated by Mr. Fred Dimond and his brother featured an “interview” for the purpose of vilifying Bishop Louis Vezelis, OFM, a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.

What motivated this diatribe was the fact that Bishop Vezelis unmasked the Fred Dimond heretical religious sect operating under the guise of a Roman Catholic religious order.For this “interview,” Mr. Dimond stumbled onto a strange character, member of the anti-American “John Birch Society” that styles itself as a kind of “mystical body” comparing itself to the Catholic Church. This fellow’s name is Neal Webster.

Who is Neal Webster and what was his relation to the Franciscan Friars whom he pretends to “know” so well?Actually, the Friars never heard of this fellow until he showed up with Rev. Fidelis McKenna, O.P. at the first anniversary of Bishop Vezelis’ consecration. That’s about twenty-four years ago. Only now does Webster surface with his horror script probably seen on some late show horror film.

Webster was outfitted in the traditional garb of the Dominican Order and from this it was assumed that his Novice Master, Rev. McKenna, O.P. vouched for the authenticity of the man as a Roman Catholic. The Friars accepted this implicitly on the fact that Webster was dressed as a Domican Friar. We are not certain how long he was a “Dominican.”

What can be attested is that McKenna was living like a mini-despot with “nuns running hither and thither from kitchen to table. Having eaten at the profuse table of this Dominican Friar, it is not difficult to see the difference reflected in the Franciscan Friars humble but healthy fare. But, we are getting ahead of ourselves. Let’s first find out something about our ungrateful guest.Not long after first meeting this fellow, Webster, he appeared on the doorstep of the Friary located in Greece, NY.

His story was that he had left Rev. McKenna because “he (McKenna) tried to make me a Dominican nun.” We did not inquire into this strange avowal. The main point was that he had no where to go.


Actually, we would not receive him as any kind of seminarian because of his bizarre behavior. He revealed to one of the Friars that he drank Lourde’s water so that he would not say anything wrong. Apparently, he must have run out of Lourdes water ….

He was never asked for any kind of financial reimbursement for the expense of his meals. Although he did not spend much time with the Friars, about two and a half months – it seemed like a rather lengthy time for him to make up his mind to do something.

While staying with the Friars, Webster told them of his exploits in Bishop Musey’s “seminary’ conducted by the laicized Mr. Thomas Fouhy of New Zealand. According to Webster, Mr. Fouhy aka Rev. Fouhy became “like a madman, screaming at me because I wanted to leave.”

Whether Fouhy did get excited about Webster’s decision to leave that “seminary,” may now be questioned in view of the erratic and unstable conduct of Webster. Mr.Webster’s animosity towards Bishop Vezelis may have been triggered when the Bishop made the observation during one meal that “Catholics could not be members of the John Birch Society.”

Whereupon, Webster rudely shouted: “Who said so?!” Observing the untoward emotional outburst, Bishop Vezelis simply confirmed his research into that organization by responding: “I said so.”

Webster seems to have such a high opinion of himself (A characteristic of most, if not all, members of this Masonic-instituted organization that subjects its members to brainwashing) and seems to consider whatever his undisciplined imagination suggests is therefore true. As far as objective reality is concerned, it is doubtful if this man is capable of distinguishing reality from his emotionally configured imaginings.

Because there is no desire to waste time refuting the lies of this pitiful soul whose eternal damnation is assured because of his insidious detraction of a Roman Catholic Bishop, or anyone for that matter, it is deemed sufficient for any inquirer to know that this man has spun the wildest tales from innocent remarks all the way to outright falsehoods. It is safe to say that whatever this man, Neal Webster, has stated publicly is libelous detraction.

The heart-breaking episode of the abduction of Archbishop Ngo is particularly painful to the Friars because Webster has so distorted the facts that the only possible conclusion of his falsehoods is that perhaps he needs psychiatric help. From beginning to end, Webster has presented himself as the “star performer” – the great “crusader” … a kind of Batman or Superman – or even as a kind of Spiderman, judging from the webs of deceit he spins - fighting the forces of evil wherever he decides to find them. Perhaps even a Don Quixote minus his donkey…

It has been reported that someone has actually “ordained” the man. Whether this is true or not makes little difference because Neal Webster is not in the Roman Catholic Church.We pray for this poor soul and hope that God will not permit him to lead unwary souls astray. The Friars do not seek revenge against this pitiable fellow for the ugly vilifications they suffer from the likes of Webster. But, they do expect that the Lord will settle matters: “Vengeance is mine, saith the Lord, I will repay!” And so we merely say: “Amen!”

Necessity of Internal Intention For Validity of Sacraments


Like bogus (counterfeit) money, bogus Sacraments have no value other than to deceive the unwary into accepting them. Subjective good will is insufficient to change the objective reality. As a principle, it is easy to make the statement. It is in the application of the principle to specific cases where difficulties arise. Nothing is more conducive to charlatanism than the so-called "gray area". But, then, the upright must not be arbitrarily condemned as charlatans because of legitimate doubts. The Apostles and their faithful flocks: priests and laity carefully observed and did what Christ taught them to do. All teaching is for the purpose of doing, whether the activity be physical or spiritual.

Therefore, Jesus laid down the procedure whereby certain words and actions (Sacraments) produced grace. Those reject the Sacraments who reject the divinity of Jesus Christ, Author of grace. The Apostles were careful to perform these actions with the accompanying words. Thus, what Scholastic theologians later termed "matter" and "form" existed from the very beginning. In fact, if these two elements did not exist there could be no Sacrament. The third element was assumed to be present to the point that not much attention was given to it. This third essential element is INTENTION.

Like breathing, the intention to accomplish what Christ had instituted was too obvious to even be questioned. Whenever love cools, technicalities take on great importance. Proportionately, when good will (which is the same as love) laxes, regulation taxes. Laws are made to correct or curb abuses. The reception of a falsified Sacrament does not result in the reception of sacramental grace or any other effect of the Sacrament. The question of intention, therefore, is of vital importance when dealing with the validity and fruitfulness of the Sacraments. In this brief study of the necessity of internal intention for the validity of a Sacrament, nothing will be said of the matter and form. These two other essential elements for the validity of the Sacraments have been modified in the Modernist Church so as to render most of the Sacraments invalid regardless of the intention of the minister of the Sacrament.

On this point it may be worthwhile to remind the reader that Pope Pius XII issued a doctrinal statement when he promulgated the Apostolic Constitution of 1947 Sacramentum ordinis wherein were clearly and definitively stated the words essential for valid ordination to priesthood and consecration to the episcopacy. Paul VI changed the words which Pope Pius XII declared essential. In this way, anyone ordained or consecrated following the mutilated form imposed by Paul VI is not a valid priest or a valid bishop.


Heresy generally shows itself externally as a controversy. When the controversy reaches a point where the legitimate authority is spurned in settling a matter, the next step is obstinacy which then sets itself up as the authority. A false authority will invariably teach false doctrine because it does not have the grace of the Holy Ghost to guide it. The earliest question of the validity of a consecration was that of the case of Novatian, the anti-pope. Novatian was the first to write a theological treatise in Latin. He was a Roman theologian. Besides this, he had tremendous administrative ability that won him not a little renown. That Novatian was not an insignificant clergyman may be adduced from the fact that he, as a priest, had charge of Rome after Pope Fabian was martyred (A.D. 250). Novatian had charge of the whole church during the vacancy of the see. He wrote many letters in the name of the Church to churches throughout the world. Only three of these letters survive. Novatian was bitterly attacked by his adversaries.

Unfortunately, most of the information we have about him was written by his enemies. It stands to reason that such reports would be colored with passion and prejudice. One polemic against Novatian does state the following: "that as long as Novatian was in the Church of Christ, he wept over the sins of his neighbors as if they were his own, bore the burdens of his brethren, as the Apostle exhorts, and strengthened with his exhortations those who were weak in divine faith." Novatian was not a heretic. He became a schismatic because he vigorously opposed Cornelius who, in the eyes of Novatian and many Roman theologians was too lax in regard to those who had sacrificed to idols during the Decian persecution. Novatian was a rigorist and did not favor the reconciliation of the lapsed pope Cornelius (25 1- 253) claims that Novatian enticed three ignorant provincial bishops to Rome, got them drunk with wine, and then forced them to give him episcopal consecration (Eusebius, Eccl. Hist. VI,43).

Cornelius called this consecration "a shadowy and empty imposition of hands". He also claimed that Novatian obtained the episcopacy "by fraud and treachery". In the seventeenth century, Henri de Valois (d.1676) makes the following note in Eusebius' passage:"Cornelius calls this an imperfect and empty ordination, because it was solemnized by bishops of another diocese, and not by the bishops of Ostia, Tibur, and others who had the right and power of ordaining the bishops of Rome; it was also ineffectual and vain, because it was done by men who were drunk, and by force, at the tenth hour of the day, none of the clergy or people being present; and, lastly, because another bishop was already ordained."

Keeping in mind that the Bishop of Rome equates Vicar of Jesus Christ, it follows that anyone consecrated as bishop of Rome is by that fact elected to the Papacy. This is probably the ground for the argument of Cornelius regarding the right and power of certain bishops to consecrate the bishop of Rome, and hence in effect making a Pope.

The next case deals with the administration of a sacrament in jest. It is said that Athanasius, while at play, baptized his playmates. Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria, saw this through his window. After it was over, he called the boys and questioned them. The bishop decided that there had been a valid baptism.

Another matter was that of St. Genesius who, apparently, while an actor on the stage mimicked the Christian rites and pretending conversion requested his fellow actors to baptize him. Subsequently, Genesius suffers martyrdom as a Christian. Was he validly baptized? Even this example does not lack for imprecision. It is not clear whether the actor, Genesius, was truly converted or whether the "sudden conversion" was part of the mimicking.

According to this legend which appears to have various aspects, it seems that St. Augustine used it in his book on Baptism against the Donatists. Most people are familiar with the hypothetical cases that are so easily conceived, but seldom - if ever - are born. It is not permitted, according to the rules of logic, to pass from possibility to actual fact in argumentation. For, what is gratuitously assumed may be equally gratuitously denied. No conclusions can follow from mere assumption.


He compares the case of Genesius, who allegedly received Baptism in a spirit of mimicry with the reception of Baptism deceitfully in the Church. He understands by "deceit" the outward manifestation of a belief which is not held interiorly, or a profession of a resolve to lead a Christian life belied by the real desire merely to obtain some material advantage. In our day, one might cite examples of false "traditionalist" clergy whose only tradition is the opportunity to enrich themselves by pretending tradition so as to easily enter the service of unwary and misguided laity. Their "tradition" is superficial mimicry.

When St. Augustine speaks of evil ministers, he refers to them as "false", "deceitful" and insincere". But, it should be carefully noted that these terms do not necessarily mean a pretended intention which was not really there in the administration of the Sacraments. These words apply to lack of intention in mimic baptism on the stage. Even in such cases, it is conceivable that a play would have a scene wherein someone is baptized. Thus, a mimicked baptism need not be malicious either.

The entire text of St. Augustine follows:

"The question is also commonly raised whether Baptism is to be approved [a vague word, not distinguishing between validity and fruitfulness] if received from one who had not himself received it, if, from some promptings of curiosity, he had chanced to learn how it ought to be given; and whether it makes any difference in what spirit the recipient receives it, whether in pretense or without pretense [simulatio]: if in pretense, whether in deceit, as in the Church, or in what is thought to be the Church; or, in jest, as in a play: and which is the more wicked, to receive it deceitfully [fallaciter] in the Church, or in heresy or schism without falseness, that is, with a sincere heart: and whether it be worse to receive it deceitfully in heresy, or in a play with faith, if one were to be moved by a sudden conviction in the midst of his acting. And yet, if we compare even such a one with him who receives it deceitfully in the Catholic Church itself, I should be surprised at any doubt about which of the two should be preferred: for I do not see what avail can be the intention [animus] of him who gives in truth to him who receives in falseness.

"But let us consider, in the case even of the minister acting deceitfully in Catholic unity itself, whether such should be rather received as Baptism, or that which is given in a play, if one were suddenly convinced and received it in faith: or, whether it be not true that as regards the men themselves, there is very great difference between a believing recipient in a play and a mocking recipient in the Church; but, as regards the genuineness (integritatem) of the sacrament there is no difference. For if it makes no difference to the genuineness of the sacrament in the Catholic Church, whether some act deceitfully or sincerely, so long as both do the same thing, then why it should make a difference outside, I do not see, provided the recipient is not cloaked by pretense, but changed by religious conviction.

"Has the sincerity of people dealing with the sacraments more power over them to make them valid, than deceitfulness, whether in minister or recipient, to make them vain? And, yet, if the deceitfulness is afterwards revealed, no one seeks a repetition of the sacrament, but the pretense is either punished with excommunication or set right by Penance. (I.e. neither the goodness nor badness of the persons concerned affects the validity.) But the safe course for us, is not to advance with any rash judgment in setting forth a view which has neither been raised in any provincial Council of the Catholic Church nor decided in a general one; but to have complete confidence only in asserting things which have been clearly established by the consent of the universal Church, under the direction of our Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ.

"Nevertheless, if any were to press me supposing I were duly seated in a Council where a question were raised on points like these - to declare my own opinion, without having heard the views of others whose judgment I would rather follow: then; if I felt as I do now while I write this, I should not hesitate to say that everyone possesses Baptism, wherever he received it and from whatever sort of men, provided that it were consecrated by the words of the gospel, and received without pretense and with some degree of faith; although it would be of no profit to them for the salvation of their souls if they were without charity, which grafts them into the Catholic Church. 'For although I have faith', says the Apostle, 'so that I could remove mountains, but have not charity, I am nothing.' (1 Cor. 13, 2) Just as already, from the decrees of our predecessors, I have no hesitation in saying that all those have Baptism who, though they receive it deceitfully, yet receive it in the Church, or where the Church is thought to be by those in whose society it is received, of whom it is said, 'They went out from us', (I John 2: 19). But if there was no society of those who so believed, and if the man who received it did not himself hold such belief, but the whole thing was done as a farce, or a comedy, or a jest. If were asked whether the baptism which was thus conferred should be approved, I should declare my opinion that we ought to pray for the declaration of God's judgment through the medium of some revelation, seeking it with united prayer and earnest groaning of suppliant devotion, humbly deferring all the time to the decision of those who were to give their judgment after me, in case they should set forth anything as already examined and settled. And, therefore, how much the more must I be considered to have given my opinion now without prejudice to the utterance of more diligent research or authority higher than my own." (De Bapt. contra Donat.7, 53, .101.P.L.43, 242-43)

The great impetus in the study of the sacraments took place in the 12th century. It was at this time that theologians gave their attention to the question of the minister's mind and intention. Hugh of St. Victor (d.1141) indicated that even in cases where there is some levity accompanying the administration of the sacrament, the reality of the sacrament need not be destroyed. He writes:

"Question is also raised about those who are baptized in mimicry, that is, jocosely, whether they receive the true and full sacrament of Baptism. It must be understood that it is one thing to give or receive something in jest or derision and still wish to give or receive and to intend this in every way, namely, that the thing jokingly given or received be really given and received. It is another thing to do something which has the outward appearance of this, and yet not to wish to do this and not to intend that this is the intention of baptizing, even if due reverence does not exist in the performance, there is in truth the sacrament, since the action is done fully and this is intended, in spite of the fact that the agent must be blameworthy because he does not worthily do what is done and intended.

"But it is quite absurd that where there is no intention of doing a thing, the thing should be said to exist merely on account of the appearance of it, an appearance which is not deliberately chosen for the purpose of the thing, but arises from some other circumstance. Thus certain ignorant people think that the words which were instituted to consecrate the Eucharist, if said over bread and wine, by anyone; anywhere, and for whatsoever purpose, have the effect of consecration and sanctification: as if the sacraments of God were so instituted that they allow no reasonable use by the minister, but by some kind of violent, irrational and pertinacious force arrive at their effect without any intention or will on the part of those who use them. I brought my child to the bath.

I came to the water not to baptize, but to bathe; not to give a sacrament, but to wash away dirt and to help health. I put my child into the water, but because I wanted him to grow up well and be a useful man, I happened to say, as I might say in eating or drinking, in ploughing or sowing, I said: 'In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost: You come and say to me that my child is baptized. I admit he has been bathed, I deny he has been baptized. But if you imagine he has been baptized because when I bathed him I said: In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, then the bit of bread has also been baptized because when I dipped it I said: In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. See, then, and realize that the work of God's ministries ought to be reasonable, and one ought not to forejudge merely by appearances where there is no intention." (De Sacramentis, lib.2, p.2,13, P.L. 176,458 sq)

With reference to the legend of St. Genesius, Peter Lombard states that "it does not appear to the wise that there is a true Baptism where there is no intention of baptizing".As regards the Holy Eucharist, the SENTENTIAE DIVINITATIS of that period is even stronger:

"Three things are needful that this change should come about: Order, action, intention. Order, that there should be a priest; action, that those words should be said; intention, that he should utter them with the intention that the bread and wine should be changed into the true flesh and blood. For if he utters them to instruct a deacon how to consecrate, no change is produced."It is possible that the first time the use of the expression "an intention of doing what the Church does" is found in Prevostin (d.1210).

William of Auxerre (d.1231) says: "If a minister uses the right form of words and has the intention of doing what the Church does, taking the expression in a broad way, for instance, if he intends to do what the Church is accustomed to do, it would be a Baptism." Alexander of Hales and St. Bonaventure also maintain that an internal intention is necessary.

St. Albert the Great (d. 1280) says:"An intention on the part of the minister is required for Baptism; but not an intention of consecrating anything, but only of doing what the Church does, and this is expressed by the word of Baptism, in saying, 'I baptize thee ....’ Hence, if this word is pronounced, with the intention of doing what the Church does, over one not baptized and not objecting then or afterwards, it is true Baptism; and in such circumstances the whole thing is not mimicry, because the intention expressed in the word of the first person was not mimicry. But if it was mimicry, and the subject object.~, then he obtains nothing."The obvious objection would be that there is a great danger of incertitude about the reality of the sacrament in view of the fact that we do not know what may be the internal intention of the priest.

St. Albert answers that the danger is not great: "because a general intention is expressed in the words of baptizing; and that intention is enough for the intention of the Church, namely, to do what the Church does; even though he does not believe it is good for anything; but such an intention suffices, as said."St. Thomas follows St. Albert. He demands an intention and proves it as follows:

"When a thing is indifferent to many uses, it must needs be determined to one, if that one has to be effected. Now those things which are done in the sacraments can be done with various intent; for instance, washing with water, which is done in Baptism, may be ordained to bodily cleanliness, to the health of the body, to amusement, and many other similar things. Consequently, it needs to be determined to one purpose, i.e. the sacramental effect, by the intention of him who washes. And this intention is expressed by the words which are pronounced in the sacraments, for instance the words I baptize thee in the name of the Father, etc ..."

It is significant that even though there may be minor differences concerning the explanation and degree of internal intention required, all agree that it is necessary for the validity of a Sacrament. Even St. Thomas who holds that using the words of the formula itself and meaning them is sufficient without any other intention, gives a warning: "and nothing else be said expressing the contrary". This means that there is no indication either at the moment of the administration of the Sacrament or at any other time that the private mind of the minister was contrary to his express actions and words. Should there be any indication that the minister did not actually mean the words he had spoken, then St. Thomas would hold that the intention was defective and there was no valid Sacrament. An interesting question is posed and the answer given by St. Thomas is quite instructive:

"If a demon appeared in the form of man and administered baptism, would that baptism be valid? St. Thomas answered:"I answer that the devil, if he appeared as a man, could perform the ceremonies of Baptism, but not confer the sacrament and this for two reasons. First, because the dispensation of the sacraments has been entrusted only to men, who share human nature with the Word Incarnate, from whom, in the nature he assumed, the sacraments are derived... Secondly, if the devil pretended to baptize, there would al ways be the fear that he did not do so with the intention of baptizing, which is needful for the sacrament, but with the intention of deceiving; because it is unlikely that he would secure so great a good for a man as is spiritual rebirth." (D.5, q.2, a.3, sol.1)

The necessity for a genuine intention cannot be made clearer: without it, the words themselves can be used for malicious deception. Pope Leo X condemned the following proposition of Luther:"If by impossibility the penitent were not contrite, or the priest did not seriously, but only in jest, absolve him, if nevertheless he believes himself absolved, he is most truly absolved". (Denz.752).This logically flows from the 'sola fides' position of Luther. It all comes down to what the recipient believes: "All which we believe that we receive, that we do actually receive, regardless of what the minister does or does not do, even though he act through dissimulation or in open mockery." (De Captivitate Babylonica). It might be noted that such errors as proposed by Luther are repeated among many traditionalist Catholics. A variation of this error is contained in the false application of the statement "the Church supplies what is lacking."


As has already been pointed out, it is not only the intention that is essential for the validity of the Sacrament, but this intention must be internal. This means that the external observance of the rites does not make the Sacrament valid - as some would continue to believe today despite the declarations of the Church, for example the pronouncement of the Holy Office in 1690 condemning the statement: "Baptism is valid, even if conferred by a minister who observes the full rite and external form of baptizing, but in his heart makes the resolve: I do not intend to do what the Church does". (Denz.1318)

Concerning Holy Orders: The Sacred Congregation of the Council gave a decision in the following cases (January 23, 1586): A bishop, before the Ordination ceremony, declared that he had no intention of ordaining my candidates who were under age, and that if any such received the imposition of hands, it would be an empty ceremony. The answer was that those under age were not ordained. In another case, that of Bishop Anthony Gonzalez de Acuna, Bishop of Charcas in South America, this bishop declared with an oath before an ordination ceremony that he intended not to confer orders on any candidate of mixed blood. Several such presented themselves and received the rite at his hands.

The case was referred to Rome and on February 13, 1682, the Sacred Congregation of the Council gravely rebuked the Bishop for his conduct. Nevertheless, this Sacred Congregation pronounced that the Orders were invalid in the case of those of mixed blood, and that all priestly acts performed by them were invalid.

Pope Leo XIII also deduced the invalidity of Anglican Orders both from defect of form and from defect of intention. There are those who conveniently pass over in silence this second ground for the invalidity of Anglican Orders.

The Pope stated: "With this intrinsic defect of form, therefore, is combined a defect of intention, equally necessary for the existence of a sacrament."Again, the reader may have heard the argument that claims to be Church doctrine based on this partial statement of Pope Leo XIII:"Concerning the mind or intention in itself, which is something internal, the Church does not pass judgment; but she is bound to judge of it in so far as it is externally manifested. Now, if a person has seriously and duly used the proper matter and form for performing or administering a sacrament, he is by that very fact presumed to have intended to do what the Church does."

If this were all that Pope Leo XIII had said on the matter, it would be evident that he is guilty of self-contradiction. He had just finished saying a few lines earlier that "with this defect of form is combined a defect of intention. In the case of the Anglicans, their denial of the sacrificing priesthood is expressed in the new rite which they instituted. This new rite manifested a different intention than that of the Church. Consequently, not only the form but the intention were defective.The same is true of the new rites in the Apostate Conciliar Church as imposed by the false pope, Paul VI in 1968. The ordinations of priests and consecration of bishops is invalid due to defect of form and defect of intention. Of equal importance to every serious Catholic is the question of validity of the recently deceased archbishop, Marcel Lefebvre and all those whom he had ordained and consecrated.

Based on the sound doctrine and practice of the Church, sufficient evidence which no reasonable person can deny shows that the Bishop who ordained and consecrated Marcel Lefebvre was a member of the Luciferian sect of Freemasons. This same individual, as a Cardinal, was one of the foremost leaders in promoting the undermining of the Catholic Church during and after Vatican II.If, as St. Thomas points out, Satan himself could not confect valid Sacraments because of lack of sufficient intention, is it not fair to conclude that nor can his dedicated followers? Only valid Sacraments give sacramental grace provided the recipient places no obstacle in the way. Invalid Sacraments are standard in the Conciliar Church which poses with brazen audacity as the "Roman Catholic Church". It is possible to turn ones back upon the truth and those who speak the truth. But, it is impossible to turn one's back on the God of truth Who will deal with each one on the Day of Judgment. Meanwhile, all that can be said is this: Those who have ears let them hear!

Open Letter to Fr. Lucian Pulvermacher, OFM Cap

Open Letter to Fr. Lucian Pulvermacher OFM Cap.

24 August 1989

Seven years ago today, on the feast of St. Bartholomew, I was consecrated a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church in the church of the Sacred Heart, Buffalo, New York. This consecration was done publicly before a number of clergymen in the sanctuary, with the attendance of perhaps one hundred people (I did not count them) and with ample coverage in the local press. The purpose of this consecration was to assure the essential mark of the true Church of Jesus Christ APOSTOLICITY. I had been invited by Roman Catholic bishops to accept this consecration and obligation for the good of the Church.

The Church is the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ. It has an invisible aspect and a visible one.In order to be visible and intact, the Church must be represented by valid successors of the Apostles. The saintly pontiff, Pope Pius XII stated this truth very clearly when he wrote in his encyclical Mystici Corporis:"That those who exercise sacred power in this Body are its chief members must be maintained uncompromisingly."

Dear Father Lucian, it seems to me that to deny this truth makes a person a heretic. To accept this truth in theory and deny it in practice is a deception. It is, plainly speaking, a lie. The dividing line between orthodoxy and heresy is razor thin. Nevertheless, the line is there. The vast majority of alleged Catholics are actually heretics. Whether formal or simply material is not always an easy distinction to make in some cases. Pope Pius XII gives the basic reason for the above statement:"It is through them, by commission of the Divine Redeemer Himself, that Christ's apostolate as Teacher, King, and Priest is to endure."

The Holy Father also refers to what we already have learned in theology, namely, that the Mystical Body is an organic whole. There can be no separation. Therefore, if anyone says that he is a member of this organic whole, yet rejects for whatever reason and on whatever pretext that which was instituted by Jesus Christ, cannot be in communion with that organic entity. A Church without authentic successors to the Apostles (bishops) is not the Roman Catholic Church. Among other errors which traditionalists promote, this the outstanding: they have the illusion that priests and faithful without an orthodox bishop as their shepherd can somehow be Catholic and pleasing to God.This is basically the position of every Protestant Sect. Yet, even some of them have realized their inconsistency and have consequently made for themselves "bishops" whom they can conveniently control. This, in effect, is what many hope to attain among "Latin Mass-offering" sects: an authority which they need not obey. The mind is tricky; but the will is trickier.

Dear Father Lucian, you know well the difficulty of maintaining one's balance amid confusion and anarchy. The painful history of the Church has taught those who wish to learn what danger lurks in heresy and schism. But more than that, how the remedy provided by some often aggravates the problem. A good example of that is the case of our own St. Francis. Even the Pope was getting weary and wary of all the well-meaning but badly advised reformers and saviors of the Church.That's why the Pope resisted the apparently sincere ambitions of Francis. They all look and sound so sincere, don't they? Granted, we cannot sit in judgment of others because this is the prerogative of Jesus Christ. Nevertheless, we have an obligation of minimizing insofar as we arc able dangers to faith and morals. But, if we arc not protected by the grace of God, both internal and external, how can we be certain that the Devil has not deceived us? Is it enough to say that we are "following our conscience" when we have an obligation to be correctly informed, yet fail to do so?

So many "sincere" people remind me of Pope Pius XII's words in the encyclical HUMANI GENERIS:"Men easily persuade themselves in such matters (religious) that what they do not wish to believe is false or at least doubtful."For this very reason, Father, I am convinced that the majority of people who fancy themselves to be traditional Catholics are thinly-disguised Neo-Protestants of the Modernist design. Yet, they wish to style themselves "Catholic".

I am writing this letter to you, Father on this seventh anniversary of my consecration. It is the first letter I've ever written to you. I am writing it not as a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, but as a confrere drawn by the same spirit of St. Francis. We are urged by St. Francis to love each other even more than a mother loves her son according to the flesh. Ought we not appeal to those sublime and noble ideals of the Seraphic Order to prepare our minds and hearts to look clearly at everything going on about us? We have both undergone similar formations. It is not my wish to be insulting or untruthful. I assume you would feel the same way. For this reason, Father, I wish to address myself to the public statements that you have made concerning Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc.

The final cause is the first in intention and the last in execution. It is the purpose for which something is done. Therefore, I ask myself: "What would be your purpose in making the kind of statements you have made publicly and in print?" If you are motivated by sincere zeal for the salvation of souls and the honor of Holy Mother Church, then it would seem that serious investigation would be demanded before any bold statement were presented to others as incontrovertible fact.I am at a loss to exculpate what appears as rash temerity.

I have a problem: I wish to believe well of you and in your dedication to your vocation. Yet, I cannot harmonize your attitude and actions with your teachings which you say arc based on Catholic doctrine.If we pose a cause willingly, we are responsible for the effects flowing from that cause. Since we know so little about natural science, less about philosophy and even far less about theology, we must humbly admit that our knowledge is very fragmentary. Yet, observe with what case other human beings arc judged and condemned without caution or remorse. In crass violation of the very principles of morality and the spiritual life, chiefs of the Mystical Body are denied at the stroke of a pen. Anarchy rules and rebellious clergymen are kings. It seems to me that they have not only dethroned their legitimate superiors, they have even dethroned Christ. One would think it were some kind of demonic urge to destroy, rather than to build up.

Someone has been kind enough to send me the statements you arc making concerning Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc personally and what is of even more serious nature, your theological conclusions which have dire consequences.Father, if my information is correct you were born on March 20, 1918. You were ordained a priest on June 5, 1946. You have been a priest for forty-three years. You are 71 years old. I, in comparison to yourself, am much younger in the priesthood having been ordained on June 16, 1956 by Emile Cardinal Leger, Archbishop of Montreal. There is a difference of 20 years between us. I would expect to look to your wisdom based on learning and experience to guide me.You claim to have information regarding Archbishop Ngo. Whatever that information may be, I will challenge as false and/or irrelevant when it comes to the essential matter at hand: the validity of the consecrations performed by him.

This should be your foremost consideration, Father, not only in Archbishop Ngo's case, but especially in the case of Marcel Lefebvre, whom you so easily dismiss as being a valid priest and bishop when precisely it is Lefebvre’s entire operation that is under a serious cloud.I would expect - as any trusting Catholic would expect - that as a representative of the Roman Catholic Church that you would be dedicated to the furtherance of the Church which ultimately means the honor and glory of God and the salvation of souls. This mission entails an unswerving loyalty to truth and goodness to which WE MUST CONFORM OURSELVES AND NOT HAVE TRUTH AND GOODNESS CONFORM TO US.

The first is the true sign of a Catholic; the second is a sign of the heretic whose teacher is not Jesus Christ, but Satan. I am shamed to consider the possible motives behind your unfounded statements regarding Archbishop Ngo. Right reason forces an analysis of purposes. And the only purpose that might reasonably be deduced from your approach seems to be the justifying of the raging religious anarchy.If you were to entertain these thoughts yourself and did not strive to convince others of their truth, little harm could be done other than to yourself. But, since you promote these ideas with the intention of convincing others of their truth and to justify to others the ecclesiastical posture you have adopted, it is necessary to address these statements.

I will not judge you, Father, because only God can judge correctly. Nevertheless, your statements must be evaluated in the light of Catholic doctrine and morality. If you are correct, Father, then all loyal Catholics must accept your views and give their moral and material support to you. However, if you are in error and willingly accept the fact of having been mistaken, you would be bound in conscience to do all in your power to rectify what I say are calumnies (should they prove to be so) which you have believed from others and have continued to spread. What could be more Catholic and fair than that?

I have had to interrupt this letter because of other demands on my time. I return today, the feast of that great saint, bishop and doctor of the Church, St. Augustine. I invoked his aid this morning at Holy Mass so that he would guide me in dealing with the questions that have been raised. As the basis for the observations that I will make, I will use your own text of a printed newsletter and a letter addressed to Mr. Hettinga which apparently, is one of those "private/public" letters so common among "traditionalists".

On page two of the newsletter before me, you have a paragraph entitled ARCHBISHOP THUC. Before getting into the heart of the matter, I would like to correct a very common error and point of etiquette with regard to the Archbishop's name. His family name is not "Thuc". Orientals, like Koreans and Vietnamese and possibly others, use the family name FIRST- the personal name is given LAST. The Archbishop's family name is NGO. It is pronounced as the English negation "no". It is an insult to refer to another person by his first name unless one is a very close friend or a superior. The proper respect to Archbishop Ngo would be to refer to him in this manner: Archbishop Ngo.

An important point of departure is a statement which you make in this article. You state: "This is my studied judgment". Your "studied judgment" is directed to two important pronouncements. The first deals with Marcel Lefebvre and the second with Archbishop Ngo.Since we are interested in the truth which is fundamental to the validity of sacraments, I would like to preface my remarks with the practical position of the Roman Catholic Church regarding certain sacraments whenever a question of validity or invalidity arises.The teaching and practice of the Church must be our guides and a study of these teachings must be the basis of any studied judgment we may make.

Obviously, our conclusions will depend upon the degree of our studied judgment. I fail to understand how calumnious rumor can become the basis for a studied judgment. The first statement follows: "I hold that when Archbishop Lefebvre uses the correct rite for ordinations he confers valid orders. When he uses the Novus Ordo rite (as he did for a "Fr." Coller) I hold the ordination is invalid." Thus for "Archbishop" Marcel Lefebvre. Now, for Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc: "On the contrary I hold that all the ordinations of Archbishop Thuc to be invalid."

I have deliberately left the grammatical errors in your text as they appear in the text so that no one may accuse me of tampering with your words. You affirm your statements with what appear to be infallible decrees: THIS IS MY STUDIED JUDGMENT. You will proceed to give your reasons for what you yourself admit is a "harsh stand". Actually, if you are convinced of the truth of your own statements, you could not say that your stand is "harsh". Truth is not harsh. If anything is harsh, it is error. Truth frees; error enslaves. Truth becomes the source of supernatural grace and salvation; error becomes the source of continued evil and ultimate damnation. Truth makes us humble; error makes us proud. And this is simply because humility IS truth and error (deliberate) IS a lie. He who serves truth, serves God who IS Truth; he who serves error serves Satan who is a liar and murderer from the very beginning. So much for a brief observation concerning a simple, but revealing phrase from your own heart.

Observation: In dealing with both the individuals whom you mention by name, you have assumed the role of an approved. professional medical psychiatrist. Not only that, Father, but you have gone even further: you have never actually met the man so that you are not even able to make a common sense judgment on a first impression. Lacking even the most primitive human experience of a first impression [which is not necessarily infallible, to be sure], you have drawn conclusions of the most hideous kind: you actually say the man is INSANE! In moral theology and in any professional consideration, an INSANE MAN is not "sui compos".I will here give all the possible definitions and applications of the term "insane." I restrict myself to the laymen's understanding of the term because I do not wish to enter the professional field of normal and abnormal psychology at this point.

According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, "insane" means:

1. State of being insane; unsoundness or derangement of mind. esp. without recognition of one’s own illness. INSANITY is rather a social and legal than a medical term, and implies mental disorder resulting in inability to manage one's affairs and perform one's social duties. The term covers a variety of disorders, such as manic-depressive insanity, dementia praecox, paranoia, general paralysis, and the alcoholic insanities. Mental deficiency is not usually included.

2. LAW: Such unsoundness of mental condition as, with respect to any matter under action, modifies or does away with individual legal responsibility or capacity.

3. Extravagant folly, or an example of it.Under synonyms we find the word "insanity" to mean: chiefly a legal term, implies unfitness to manage one's own affairs or perform one's social duties...

Now, Father, we have some basis to begin our evaluation of your studied judgment. We have established the first term of the argument, "insanity". We understand, then, what we are talking about. Should you reject this meaning of the term you employ, there is no longer any basis for discussion from whence intelligent conclusions can be drawn.I do not think that you will accuse me of misunderstanding or dishonesty when I say that your thesis comes down to this:Insane persons cannot perform intelligent and voluntary acts. Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc was insane.

Therefore, Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc cannot perform intelligent and voluntary acts. But, the consecration of a bishop is an intelligent and voluntary act. Therefore, Archbishop Ngo Dinh Thuc could not consecrate anyone. And following this logic, you have concluded that, consequently: "I hold that all the ordinations of Archbishop Thuc to be invalid."

Of course, Father, I am assuming (and you may correct me if I assume falsely) that there is some point in time that you would admit the validity of ordinations to the priesthood and consecrations to the episcopacy in the episcopal career of Archbishop Ngo. If my assumption is correct, would you kindly tell me AT WHAT POINT IN TIME (according to your studied judgment) DO YOU NO LONGER JUDGE THE ARCHBISHOP LEGALLY COMPETENT TO PERFORM HIS LEGAL AND SOCIAL OBLIGATIONS!

Incidentally, did you know that the Archbishop executed a legal document, a power of attorney, before our lawyer and witnesses so that I could take care of his personal affairs in France? Would you say that this lawyer and everyone else were equally "insane" and incompetent to perform legal and social duties? I think more highly of you than that, Father Lucian... at least until I have proof to the contrary.

You then proceed to instruct your readers as to reasons upon which you base your psychiatric diagnosis of Archbishop Ngo. Although you do not mention the point in your newsletter, you do mention it in your letter to Mr. Hettinga. Namely, and I quote:"Rome" says nothing about them [i.e., episcopal consecrations].

Likewise, it says nothing about the ordinations performed by the new Lefebvre bishops.You apparently have not read the ROMAN CATHOLIC QUARTERLY of Fall, 1988. An objective and thoughtful reading of that issue which dealt with the Archbishop should have answered many questions. It is surprising that your informants did not provide you with a copy of this booklet. Permit me to address your statement quoted above.

If those in Rome, Italy, considered the Archbishop insane, they certainly would not have sent him letters to cease and desist from his actions- those in Rome would not have attempted to "excommunicate" those whom the Archbishop consecrated (myself included).As for the ordinations which you attribute to Marcel Lefebvre's agents, I would take the part of those same individuals in Rome and say:

What was once condemned need not be repeatedly condemned. How many times was Marcel Lefebvre "suspended"? Was he suspended annually for the "ordinations" he performed even though at no time was his suspension lifted? Once a suspension is incurred, you can't be suspended any more than you are. Repeated suspension is nonsense. Unlike sin, the gravity does not increase with each act meriting suspension. One does not become "more suspended than before".

It would behoove you to present to people with equal objectivity the reasons for your studied judgment concerning the validity of Marcel Lefebvre's priestly ordination and episcopal consecration. The consequences are far more-reaching in his case than in Archbishop Ngo's simply from the numerical point of view: Lefebvre's consequences reach far more people, involve the destruction of far more vocations.

Is it not a serious matter whether or not a young man is a valid priest, or not?It is peculiar that the Church allegedly "supplies" all defects in the case of Marcel Lefebvre and his "priests"; whereas, the Church mysteriously condemns (through you) the consecrations performed by Archbishop Ngo on the grounds of his ALLEGED incompetence.Observation: You state: "He, while a full time N.O. Bishop, made a visionary (Clemente) a bishop." My first question is this: "WHAT IS THE SOURCE OF YOUR DETAILS AS TO WHAT TOOK PLACE IN SPAIN?"

Do you have some kind of documentary evidence to substantiate your judgment (it is more than a "claim") to show that what you allege is true, namely, that the Archbishop was a "full time N.O. Bishop"? What do you mean by a "full time Bishop in the N.O"?

Do you mean that he was functioning somewhere as a bishop in a diocese: that there were priests under him acting according to his directives, etc.? Did you have any kind of personal contact with Archbishop Ngo during this time so that you could determine by some external form of evidence what he was actually doing? The only honest answer is in the NEGATIVE.Secondly. you ASSUME too much and prove NOTHING. You ASSUME that the Archbishop was completely aware of what was going on in Palmar de Troya.

Did you ask him about the situation? When did you ask him? What did he tell you? Or did you get your "information" from Rev. Noel Barbara whose importunate phone calls to the Archbishop finally stopped when the Archbishop would not make him a bishop?When Rev. Barbara condemned the consecrations, I myself was not involved in any way with the Archbishop. But to anyone with the least bit of objectivity, it was clear that Rev. Barbara's condemnations were based on one main reason: Rev. Barbara was not among those consecrated. How do I know this? BECAUSE ARCHBISHOP NGO TOLD ME THIS DURING A TAPED CONVERSATION.

I wonder to what extent the Archbishop was aware of Clemente's situation. As a week-long guest in a monastery, do you think a visitor knows EVERYTHING that is going on? Did you know the mature priests from different countries who were living an austere religious life there in Palmar de Troya and that it was the attitude of these mature priests from different countries that impressed him.? The Archbishop never claimed to be indefectible. He erred in ordinations and consecrations like many a bishop and pope before him.

Did Pope Pius XII deliberately make Montini the Secretary of State only to dismiss him later? If popes make studied judgments only to realize with experience that their judgment was mistaken, why should we demand indefectibility and infallibility in anyone outside of that clear area of supernatural faith and morals?There are just too many questions that must first be answered before any studied judgment can be made to condemn Archbishop Ngo. And particularly when one intends to discredit something like the validity of Holy Orders. This is very serious.

There is also another important consideration. It is this: Do you deny that there can be true mystical experiences termed "visions" in mystical theology? I would suggest the names of several clergymen (one who is quite well known to you personally) who are involved with "visionaries" and like yourself, are the most opposed to any normal channels for maintaining right order and orthodoxy. Unfortunately, these clergymen are involved with "lady visionaries", There are a lot of "Catherine of Siennas" roaming the United States!

Observation: You seem intent on demeaning this Archbishop because you use language that lacks objective honesty. How was he "struck down by Paul VI"? This choice of words is peculiar. You might have said more simply and without any subjective emotion on your part that the Archbishop incurred a suspension (which is all that legal censure could impose according to Canon Law). But you seem to have a need to use such forceful, exaggerated vocabulary. One would almost imagine Paul VI physically striking this Archbishop as one would strike a disobedient or unruly servant. You seem to have a need to rob the Vietnamese Archbishop of his archiepiscopal dignity. Might I ask why? I am puzzled by your choice of words. Once again, I point out to you, Father that your choice of words tells more about you than about the subject you are treating. Take the next part of this statement "he came back to him, begging pardon."

First of all, how do you know all this? How do you know that Archbishop "came back to him" {[Paul VI} "begging pardon"? What were the Archbishop's motives for not separating himself from the post-Vatican hierarchy? Actually, for all practical purposes, he was separated from the Pope because he was not permitted to return to Vietnam. He was a virtual prisoner in Italy, forced to find shelter wherever he could: And as for saying that he was "begging pardon", I would assure you that you do not know Archbishop Ngo. There's a man who does not go "begging pardon" of anyone. If anything, I would suggest that he made some kind of "reconciliation" (if that!) for very practical reasons. His denunciation of subsequent events in Spain should only emphasize the fact that he realized he had been used.

However, you do not seem to comprehend the theological necessity prompting the Archbishop to take these great risks.When God punished the world with a deluge, He spared only one family. But, for the sake of saving one family- that of Noe - God permitted many errors and many apostasies from Him. Yet, for the sake of ONE loyal man and his family, God allowed the rest to fall into error and incur His wrath. And Jesus told us that in the last days it will be as it was in the time of NoeObservation: You claim that Archbishop Ngo was somehow "insane" because, (according to you), "while in good standing with Paul VI he made three bishops in France." Now you seem to think this is a very serious matter because you urge your readers to keep this "most essential" (?) point in mind. As if giving a kind or "coup de grace", you triumphantly state that "he did not denounce Paul VI as an anti-pope until AFTER he made those bishops in France." Whatever point you wish to make is missed.If you will recall your courses in philosophy, Father, you will perhaps remember the axioms concerning final causes. It is stated: "The end is first in intention, last in execution." Now, if you look carefully at the Archbishop's conduct, you will see that he certainly had the intention of what you simply do not wish to accept: that he acted in a manner that already implied that which you arbitrarily demand he make known at a time convenient to YOU. By consecrating bishops, he already indicated his position.

It is really just that simple: he knew the laws of the Church (he was a doctor of Canon Law). He, therefore, knowingly bypassed Paul VI which is tantamount to saying "he's not a Pope". What his tactical reasons may have been is not a matter for us to decide. He acted according to HIS studied judgment as any responsible Superior, Religious or Ecclesiastical, would do. In effect, Father Lucian, what appears to be the matter here is that you wish your readers to be loyal to you rather than to a valid bishop as required by the Roman Catholic Church. By impugning the intelligence and right intention of the Archbishop, you wish to negate the very thing that is a fundamental sign of the true Church.

I wish there were some way that you might avoid this terrible spiritual trap. If you cannot surmount it, Father, you may as well call yourself a Protestant and be honest with the rest of them. But, I don't wish to believe this of you.There is need for incontrovertible evidence to establish all the causes which were involved in the actions, both internal and external, of Archbishop Ngo before anyone is competent to make any negative judgment. Even criminal law requires evidence beyond reasonable doubt before convicting anyone. You have declared Archbishop Ngo to be mentally incompetent to perform legal and social duties. Yet, you have never seen the man- you do not know what he was thinking; you do not even know what he did. You imagine you know and with your imagination you construct a convenient system of "facts" which serve your purpose. Are we not entitled to ask: What is your purpose?

You ask the rhetorical question: "As a "sane" man what was he doing to save the Church?" The answer to this question is evident to anyone who knows what the Roman Catholic Church believes and teaches. The Archbishop knew that the true Church is hierarchic - this means it is constituted of a SACRED ruling class by divine institution. I refer you to the words of Pope Pius XII: "That those who exercise sacred power in this Body are its chief members must be maintained uncompromisingly."

You do not maintain this truth uncompromisingly, Father Lucian, and that is why you tell people that you are responsible only to Jesus Christ. This is what every Protestant says. You deny by your actions and your words the doctrinal teachings of the Roman Catholic Church that the Church is one, undivided, visible, constituted organically and hierarchically.You ask what the Archbishop did to save the Church. This is what he did: He made certain to the best of his ability that the Roman Catholic Church would remain until the end of time as it must: one, undivided visible constituted organically and hierarchically.

By consecrating bishops - whether THEY were in good faith or not - Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc provided that which he was able to do: he provided the Church with successors of the apostles.Observation: You state that "He did the consecrations in secret. That is not to be done unless there is need for the secrecy."There are two points to comment on.

The 1st one: You state categorically and as one having knowledge that "he did the consecrations in secret". But, my dear Father Lucian, the exact OPPOSITE is the case. The first consecrations in Spain were most public. He wished to do them in secret for reasons any intelligent man would understand (Do you wish to be included?) but he relented when the religious in Palmar URGED him to do them PUBLICLY. Had he done them as he perceived they ought to have been done, in secret, the valid bishops would have been able to carry on the Church in secret even under the very noses of the apostates.

Other consecrations were performed publicly, in the sense that they were performed before witnesses. There are many cases in Church history where ordinations and consecrations were performed in secret, yet no one would reasonably doubt them. The late retired bishop of Fort Worth, TX, Bishop Gorman, ordained one man and consecrated another in true secrecy. Unfortunately, (or perhaps fortunately for them) you were not aware of their existence for you surely would have denied their validity.

Had the Archbishop realized the strange mentality of so many claiming to be traditional Catholics, he would have insisted on the greatest publicity.There is another case of a known clergyman who submitted to episcopal consecration in Necedah, WI at the hands of Palmar de Troya bishops. He knowingly went through the ceremony, but when he became fearful, he tried to deny his own validity by appealing to the consoling declaration of a "visionary" to the effect that he has nothing to worry about since "his consecration did not take place"! It's like telling a pregnant girl: Don't worry, honey, you're not really pregnant! Then, this same clergyman aligned himself with a crackpot in Arizona who "absolved" him from his "non-consecration".

Observation: This final observation of your statements is closer to home. Namely, you give a very brief negative criticism of what you allege took place in Rochester. It is closer to home because I am the one who had to provide for the safety of the Archbishop. When I went to France to escort him to the United States, I was filmed by someone with a movie camera as I entered the Archbishop's quarters in Toulon, France. We were also filmed while awaiting the aircraft at the airport in Paris. Who these people were, I have no idea other than to conclude that they were not fans of the Archbishop.

Importunate callers from among the ambitious clergy were only too eager to impress the Archbishop with their outstanding episcopal potential. One came all the way from California with the hope of convincing the Archbishop to come with him and be the head of the heretical sect this man and a few others like him were operating. The tired and weary Archbishop sat for several hours patiently listening while this man droned on and on trying to convince the Archbishop of the Feeney Heresy. In his accustomed manner, the Archbishop just sat and listened without comment. His silence is all the comment needed.

A similar occurrence took place in Baton Rouge, LA when the Archbishop was imposed upon to attend a "clergy meeting". The Archbishop was not happy to sit for hours in airports waiting for the planes. In Baton Rouge, Reverends McKenna and Vida Elmer were trying to impose themselves to be consecrated. The Archbishop just sat patiently and silently while Rev. Vida Elmer tried to impress upon the Archbishop how urgent it was that he be made a bishop. Rev. Vida Elmer's famous words were: "Hodic aut numquam" -It's now or never. It turned out to be "numquam" (never) because later the Archbishop asked me while shaking his head: "Why do they want to be bishops?" It's a good question.

When this man, Rev. Vida Elmer, returned to his private little sect near Albany, NY, he vented his anger through his "newsletter". He protested that he would obey these bishops only on condition that they could produce a mandate from the Pope (Rev. Vida vehemently preached that there was no pope!) or perform a first class miracle. Later, having arranged to get himself consecrated, Rev. McKenna soon proceeded to consecrate his buddy Rev. Vida Elmer whose original candidature McKenna first promoted then vetoed. Where are these individuals now?

Well, one seems deathly silent after all his advice to others about marching on Rome, etc. The other one contents himself seeking publicity in cheap newspapers as a "werewolf exorciser" in conjunction with Protestant "ghostbusters", and specializing in consecrating and ordaining crackpots. As for some of the others, they are specialists in re-ordaining and re-consecrating validly ordained priests and validly consecrated bishops. Admittedly, Father, you do have grounds for some legitimate complaint. But you should not either blame the Archbishop, nor should you deny Catholic doctrine.

Those who claim that the Archbishop was "never permitted" to go to the phone are untruthful. The Archbishop received calls from Vietnamese priests and other Vietnamese. He was protected from those whose purposes were self-serving. Actually, had we kept the Archbishop under some kind of "house arrest" he may not have been abducted. As it is, our simplicity and lack of understanding of the serious nature of this entire matter made us vulnerable to the schemes of less simple individuals. If these people do not hesitate to remove Popes when necessary, do you think they will stop with an aged Archbishop?

The last and final insult that you injudiciously heap upon Archbishop Ngo, Father Lucian, is to say to people that he "came back to the Novus Ordo", and in that "wonderful" state commitment he died." Actually, it is not very clear what you really mean by these words. I can only quote them as you wrote them.

But, as for begging pardon once again and dying in the Novus Ordo Church, that is absolutely false. The last communication I had with the Archbishop was when we spoke on the telephone between Rochester and New York City. He had been rushed off to the Apostolic Delegate's residence in Washington, D.C. against his will. There, even when efforts to detain him and to have him make a statement disavowing his second attempt to provide bishops had failed, they turned to more drastic measures. I know because I was in that miserable hotel in New York where they held him prisoner.

It is easy to make rash statements when the facts are not known. Members of our community and I were in the hotel where the Archbishop was being held prisoner. The whole Novus Ordo was mobilized to abduct and sequester him away. Even the Catholic police force of New York City cooperated with the Church authorities. Vietnamese bishops and priests gloated over their victim. The man was drugged when I last saw him and he could hardly recognize me. He recognized my voice as I attempted to escort him out of the room. But Vietnamese Novus Ordo priests (including a bishop) pushed him down on a bed to keep him from leaving. He had been drugged somehow and was lying on a bed with glassy eyes. It was a terrible experience and a tragic sight to see what vicious people these clergymen really arc. One young Vietnamese priest was taking pictures of the Archbishop all the while. And this is the man whom you say returned to the Novus Ordo "begging pardon"! After being forced to leave, my last statement to the Vietnamese bishop and priests was this: "You have dishonored the Catholic Church, your country and this great man by your deeds today." And as there is a good God in heaven, I expect that these traitors to Jesus Christ and the Vietnamese people will be judged for their heinous crimes.

The Archbishop resided with us from December, 1982 to January, 1984. During this time, he said daily Mass and helped out on Sundays; he taught Gregorian chant to the seminarians and tutored some in French. His long-planned abduction took place in January of 1984 when he was lured from our friary on the pretext of the lunar new year when friends of his brother's former government wished to honor him with a dinner in New York.

After dogmatically declaring that Archbishop Ngo-Dinh-Thuc was insane and that "all his ordinations arc invalid", you very calmly brush aside the fact of his abduction by saying nonchalantly: "After that I heard such things as being captured and the like. I never did get the story straight."

And that, Father Lucian, is about the extent of your basis for a studied judgment which can be best summed up in your own words: "I never did get the story straight." Not only do you base your studied judgment on stories (fables) but you can't even get them straight. I wonder, then, what kind of spiritual guide you can possibly be to people who come to you for spiritual help. Is it possible that you can't even get THEIR stories straight?

It really amazes me how readily you believe what you want to believe even if it comes from apostates. You give more credence to apostates from the faith than you do to those who struggle like yourself to preserve the faith. However, one can only conclude that somehow you can't be in the same Church as those whom you attack.

Your final statement is a subconscious confession of your total subjectivity. Your standards of sanity and insanity have not even been established objectively. You simply declare your opponents to be insane and they are, by YOUR STANDARDS, insane. You emulate quite well your Jewish friends whose best tactic is to declare their enemies "insane".

Then, to escape what you already suspect in the depths of some corner of honesty that still remains, you add a second condition: you say that in order to call Archbishop Ngo sane it is necessary to have different "facts" to work on (as you put it).

Note, Father, that you find it necessary here to make certain that your reader will keep to YOUR DOCTRINES by not even giving anyone else the credit of having some facts that contradict what you have deemed to call facts, namely, those whose purposes were not attained: the frustrated would-be bishops; the pagans who made a comfortable living stealing his money while he was in France; the N.O.. "boys" (as you call them) who wanted to do away with him because he had become the only real threat to their demonic conspiracy to destroy the Church.
You enclose the word facts in quotation marks. Grammatically, then, you are saying that these facts are not facts but merely so-called facts -thereby indicating that they are lies at worst, distortions at best.

Father Lucian, I have taken the time to write this long letter which is intended to be a public, open letter to you so that the many people whom your newsletter has misinformed may be able to make a more honest evaluation of something as serious as the validity of consecration.

In the case of Marcel Lefebvre, a long consideration of about ten years duration was employed before making a declaration concerning his invalidity and that of his alleged priests. It is sincerely hoped, Father Lucian, that with the good will I pray that you have, you will be led to give further attention to your position. You are close to the truth. If you go to the logical conclusion, you will change completely and will then do all you can to be a faithful supporter of the Church for which Archbishop Ngo labored faithfully and despite persecution.

May these lines serve to bring that day closer before you reach that point of no return: confrontation with your Maker. You will then have to answer for every thought, word and deed. Like everyone of us, the breath we take this side of eternity will place us before Someone whose "studied judgment" of each one will be exact. I urge you, therefore, Father, to restudy your studied judgment.

It is interesting to observe that the Lefebvrites accuse me of being "crazy" because of a studied judgmcnt (ten years worth of effort) concerning the question of Marcel Lefebvre's validity or invalidity. We have even printed such a letter in its entirety in THE SERAPH because we want our readers to know exactly what kind of fanatics they are following. We are insulted, but we do not insult. We consider the evidence and draw logical conclusions from it.

You claim to do likewise. Fine. Show us the proof. But you do not. Ex ore tuo judico – I judge from your very own words. When I told our people of what you have written, all those who got to know the Archbishop here in Rochester, NY, were highly indignant and most offended that you would insult him thus. He was very much liked here.

May Jesus and Mary lead you to truth and may the example of St. Francis inspire you with a deep desire to that spirit which has guided your life.

Fraternally, + Fr. Louis Vezelis, O.F.M.

P.S. Just a few lines regarding a studied judgment on the orders of Marcel Lefebvre.

1. No one doubts the evidence establishing Lienart’s affiliation with a religion diametrically opposed to the Roman Catholic Church, i.e . the Freemasons.

2. It is essential to have a clear understanding of the very nature of Freemasonry in order to draw the necessary logical conclusions affecting the validity of Sacraments.

3. What is the nature of Freemasonry?

a) It is a religion at the center of which is the worship of Lucifer.

b) Lucifer is the archenemy of Jesus Christ and of His Mystical Body, the Roman Catholic Church.

c) A Freemason of high degree knows what the Church teaches and his declared intention is to defeat the purpose of the Church, viz., the salvation of souls.

d) The Freemason uses (by stealth and subterfuge) all means possible to destroy the Catholic Church and undermine the salvation of souls.

e) One of the most effective means to undermine the supernatural life of the soul is to deprive it of valid sacraments. dissimulating them in order to deceive the recipients. The only thing present through such administration is the outward sign devoid of the reality.

f) The Church leaches that the internal intention is necessary for the validity of a Sacrament.
g) The Freemason, being a positive and militant enemy of the Church cannot have the minimum intention of doing what the Church docs in the administration of a Sacrament. It is tantamount to trying to be and not be at the same time. Here we face the principle of contradiction.

h) Jesus Himself said: You cannot serve two masters. You cannot serve Jesus Christ and Lucifer.

i) Conclusion: Marcel Lefebvre's priestly ordination must be deemed highly suspect because there is a definite, prudent and positive doubt. Where there is such a doubt, Catholic practice requires that such a Sacrament be conditionally reiterated: Every sacrament may be reiterated when there is a prudent and reasonable doubt. Some sacraments MUST BE REHERATED EVEN IF THERE IS MERELY A MINOR DOUBT [DUBIUM SIT TANTUM TENUE]. In this latter category are to be found: Baptism, Penance. Even the consecration must be reiterated in such case so that the faithful will not be exposed to material idolatry. Likewise HOLY ORDERS must be reiterated to assure the administration of valid sacraments. (Cfr. Noldin).j) It is the practice of the Church to do precisely that.k) Only a valid priest can be validly consecrated a bishop. Ergo....

Labels and their Makers

Labels and their Makers

There are many follies that plague mankind. Among them, as St. Augustine says, is close to madness: When we mistake friends for enemies, and enemies for friends.

This is perhaps the most common mistake. This error must have prompted St. Paul to say: "Have I become your enemy because I have told you the truth?"

Isn't it amazing that we all say we want to know the truth; but, when the truth is told, we quickly change our minds?

Notice how certain people create labels for others. For those whom they dislike, they make a label that is demeaning and insulting. They feel smug. Then, when they want to impress others with the real or imagined qualities of those whose opinions they seek to impose on others, the adjectives are flattering.

"Imagineering" is a common trait of today's euphemistic age. Since almost everything has been reduced to an "opinion," there is little point of departure in discussing or proving anything.Orthodoxy has become just another "opinion" among many. Take the word "Catholic," for example. There are more people claiming to be "Catholic" than you can shake a stick at.

There are the "liberals," the "conservatives," the "traditionalists," and, "sedevacantists." Whatever happened to the "One Lord, one Faith, and one Baptism" of which St. Paul speaks?

Now, with the advent of the Great Apostasy (which hardly anyone dares to mention with any seriousness), the majority of former Catholics are in that camp - the camp of the apostate New Church. But, obviously, these "Catholics" furiously resent being called "apostates" because this label, or descriptive definition, does not please them.

But, if it is true, why would anyone not wish to admit the fact? Certainly, we must return to the simple propositions of logic that state that whatever is, is; and, whatever is not, is not.How difficult is it to understand this basic fact of our existence? Wishful thinking has taken the place of logical thinking.Jesus said that the truth shall make you free.

May the peace of our Lord be with you!
Bishop Louis, ofm



Every human being has the ability to think. Unfortunately, the majority of mankind does not think even if it thinks it does. Most people emote and confuse this touchy-feely sentiment with real thinking.There is a science - yes, a science of right thinking. It's called "Logic." Logic is the science of those principles, laws, and methods which the mind of man in its thinking must follow for the accurate and secure attainment of truth.Obviously, if these principles, laws and methods are not used in thinking, one's thinking will be skewed and convoluted. In a word: USELESS.

Pontius Pilate made a profound statement when caught in a dilemma: He asked, perhaps somewhat mockingly, "What is truth?" Nevertheless, this is a fair question: What is truth? And, then, we ought to have the honesty to really mean it when we say that we want to know the truth. But, do we? Judging from the horrible condition of society all over the world, truth seems to be the least and last of anyone's concern.If you desire to learn how to think correctly, come back to this blog. My time is worth $100 per hour. Problem is, getting it.....But now, for your sake, I am willing to spend my time instructing you in the science of correct thinking.

Peace be with you!


Pax et Bonum!

The blog (after technical difficulties at and is now back up, as